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The Journey Over the River
Monday, 14 April 2014, 0024

Photo Credit: David July --- Walking toward the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

Walking toward the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade.

Brooklyn Bridge Promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014


part of the Brooklyn Bridge Promenade album

Once I finished exploring Brooklyn Bridge Park (2010) and other locations in the area, it was time to return to Manhattan. Walking south on Washington Street, called Cadman Plaza East south of Prospect Street, I watched some kids sledding on a snowy park hill and then entered the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) Promenade.

Photo Credit: David July --- Walking up the stairs from Cadman Plaza East just south of Prospect Street onto the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

When the Brooklyn Bridge first opened in 1883, more than 150,000 people walked across it via the pedestrian promenade. Beyond tourism and photography, the one mile promenade provides a scenic and viable transportation alternative for walkers and cyclists over the East River.

Photo Credit: David July --- Walking up the stairs from Cadman Plaza East just south of Prospect Street onto the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

As I began my journey across, the snowfall increased and the strong southwesterly winds made the twenty-one degree air feel much colder. The skyscrapers of Manhattan's Financial District started to vanish, shrouded in low clouds and blizzardy conditions. Few people were around, a bonus for me.

Photo Credit: David July --- Walking toward the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

Prior to crossing the East River, the bridge provides views of the Fulton Ferry and Dumbo neighborhoods of Brooklyn. Nearby, the Manhattan Bridge (1909) provides an additional crossing for automobile, subway and pedestrian traffic. It is the third East River bridge, after the Brooklyn and Williamsburg Bridge (1903).

Photo Credit: David July --- Empire Stores (1885) and other buildings in Fulton Ferry and Dumbo along Water Street with the Manhattan Bridge (1909) beyond from the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

The Brooklyn Bridge was built over thirteen years starting on Monday, 03 January 1870 and first opening on Thursday, 24 May 1883 — nearly 131 years ago. At least twenty men were killed during construction from fires, explosions and caisson disease, what we know today as decompression sickness or the bends.

Photo Credit: David July --- Three of the four main cables leading up to the eastern side of the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

It was designed by John Augustus Roebling (Johann August Röbling, 1806–1869) of Mühlhausen, Kingdom of Prussia. During pre-construction work in 1869, Roebling's foot was crushed between the dock and a ferry. The resultant tetanus infection soon caused death, but after he handed the project's reins to son Washington Augustus Roebling (1837–1926).

Photo Credit: David July --- Dedication plaque (1869–1883) and reconstruction plaque (1954) on the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

Rising 276 feet and six inches above the water, the two neo-Gothic granite arch towers provide the bridge with its signature look. The four main cables, 15.75 inches in diameter, are each comprised of 5,434 steel wires bundled into nineteen strands. Extending from anchorages at both ends of the bridge, the cables form parabolas across the span and pass over saddles within the towers.

Photo Credit: David July --- Four main cables leading up to the eastern side of the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

Photo Credit: David July --- Looking up under the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

From the eastern tower, there is a largely unobstructed view of Brooklyn Bridge Park and its series of piers; a nice aerial overview of where I had just explored. In the distance lies the confluence of the East River and Hudson River, with Governors Island and the Statue of Liberty (1886) visible — usually more so.

Photo Credit: David July --- Looking down to Brooklyn Bridge Park (2010) Pier 1 from the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

Each tower also has spots where you can stand over and watch the automobile traffic on the level below, originally configured for use by horse-drawn carriages and railcars. According to New York City DOT, more than 120,000 vehicles, 4,000 pedestrians and 3,100 bicyclists cross the Brooklyn Bridge every day.

Photo Credit: David July --- Standing over the eastbound lanes of traffic under the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

The four main cables are joined by 1,520 suspenders and 400 diagonal stays. White lamps, illuminated even though it was the middle of the afternoon, are spaced out along the tops of the main cables. I did not notice at the time, but my photographs reveal that a number of the lamp bulbs are in need of replacement.

Photo Credit: David July --- Cables leading up to the western side of the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

Photo Credit: David July --- Four main cables leading up to the western side of the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Brooklyn, New York: 26 January 2014

The deck of the promenade is made from 11,000 wooden planks about sixteen feet across and four inches wide. Able to withstand a variety of weather conditions, tropical hardwood with a thirty-year lifespan is used. The Brooklyn Bridge Forest project is working to secure official support for their sustainable replacement plan sourcing from the Uaxactún community forest in Guatemala.

Photo Credit: David July --- Looking back to Brooklyn from just east of the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Manhattan, New York: 26 January 2014

The eastern side of the western tower has the number 1875 displayed near the top. Although I did not see any similar signage on the eastern tower, this corresponds to the year the two towers were completed. An American flag is also displayed atop each of the two towers, replaced about every three months.

Photo Credit: David July --- Two center cables leading up to the eastern side of the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Manhattan, New York: 26 January 2014

Flags were part of the original 1867 plan but not installed until the early 1900s. The flag's lighting was deemed too costly in the 1930s and so both were removed. Later restored for the 1983 centennial, the twelve by eighteen foot flags are lowered to half-staff for ten days after a city firefighter or police officer is killed in the line of duty, or for thirty days when certain dignitaries die.

Photo Credit: David July --- Cables leading up to the eastern side of the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Manhattan, New York: 26 January 2014

As I got closer to the Manhattan side, the snow and overcast conditions started to diminish. There is an interesting range of classic, mid-twentieth century modern and new structures in the area. The latter end includes 8 Spruce Street (2010) — a 898 unit residential skyscraper with unique architecture — and the nearly complete One World Trade Center (2014), opening this year.

Photo Credit: David July --- Access gate on the southern main cable of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) near the Manhattan side from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Manhattan, New York: 26 January 2014

375 Pearl Street a.k.a. One Brooklyn Bridge Plaza (1975) was condemned by many after its construction by the New York Telephone Company for being unattractive and overshadowing the Brooklyn Bridge. Originally a major telephone switching facility known as NYCMNYPS, the thirty-two floor structure still houses three levels of Verizon equipment like digital multiplex switches but the rest of the building is being developed into a co-location data center.

Photo Credit: David July --- Walking toward the Manhattan approach of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Manhattan, New York: 26 January 2014

A few hundred yards inland is a far more interesting structure. As early as 1884, the City of New York determined that additional office space was needed. Rental property provided some relief but was inconvenient and expensive, so a commission was appointed in 1888 to study the feasibility of constructing a central, multi-agency facility. The result was the forty floor Manhattan Municipal Building (1914) with twenty-five usable floors plus fifteen more in the tower.

Photo Credit: David July --- Manhattan Municipal Building (1914) from the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) pedestrian and cyclist promenade, Manhattan, New York: 26 January 2014

Centre Street marks the terminus of the promenade and bridge, an area usually crowded with tourists, hot dog carts and street vendors. On this winter day, there were no vendors around whatsoever. Even the permanent kiosks like Taqueria Nixtamalito in the adjacent Manhattan Municipal Building plaza were closed.

Photo Credit: David July --- Looking back to the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) and its pedestrian and cyclist promenade from the Manhattan terminus at Centre Street, New York, New York: 26 January 2014

The weather having influenced the speed of my crossing and efficiency in photography, I managed the trip in thirty minutes. My preference would have been to take more time to enjoy the walk, but I really did like that the cold kept most everyone else away. In more temperate weather, the promenade is packed.

Photo Credit: David July --- Manhattan approach and the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the southern plaza at the Manhattan Municipal Building (1914), New York, New York: 26 January 2014

I walked around City Hall Park before finding myself back at the Manhattan Municipal Building plaza. With the benches there barely covered in snow, I took the opportunity to sit, briefly preview my photos and contemplate dinner before entering Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall Station and taking the subway back uptown.

Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1127



The Lonely Road I Walk
Thursday, 10 April 2014, 1930

Photo Credit: David July --- Creeping devil cactus (Stenocereus eruca) in the world deserts environment within the Conservatory at the United States Botanic Garden (1867), Washington, District of Columbia: 29 January 2014

Creeping devil cactus (Stenocereus eruca) in the world deserts environment within the Conservatory at the United States Botanic Garden (1867).

100 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, District of Columbia: 29 January 2014


part of the United States Botanic Garden album

Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1126



The Pretermission of Others
Thursday, 10 April 2014, 0020

Photo Credit: David July --- Belimo valve actuator NV24-3 US and a manual valve on pipe running along the jungle canopy mezzanine walkway within the Conservatory at the United States Botanic Garden (1867), Washington, District of Columbia: 29 January 2014

Belimo valve actuator NV24-3 US and a manual valve on pipe running along the jungle canopy mezzanine walkway within the Conservatory at the United States Botanic Garden (1867).

100 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, District of Columbia: 29 January 2014


part of the United States Botanic Garden album

Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1125



The Words With Two Meanings
Wednesday, 09 April 2014, 0007

Photo Credit: David July --- Descending to the main level via the service stairwell in the Woodrow Wilson House (1915), Washington, District of Columbia: 31 January 2014

Descending to the main level via the service stairwell in the Woodrow Wilson House (1915).

2340 S Street NW, Washington, District of Columbia: 31 January 2014


part of the Woodrow Wilson House album

Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1124



The Ticket to Ride
Monday, 07 April 2014, 1903

Photo Credit: David July --- North side upper level platform for Track 26 and Track 25 at Grand Central Terminal (1913) and Metro-North Commuter Railroad Kawasaki M8 railcar 9133, New York, New York: 24 January 2014

North side upper level platform for Track 26 and Track 25 at Grand Central Terminal (1913) and Metro-North Commuter Railroad Kawasaki M8 railcar 9133.

89 East 42nd Street, New York, New York: 24 January 2014


part of the Grand Central Terminal album

Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1123



The Gateway to the Nexus
Monday, 07 April 2014, 0514

Photo Credit: David July --- A small wooden platform extending south onto the edge of the rocky promontory upon which the Pigeon Point Lighthouse (1872) is built, Pescadero, California: 30 January 2013

A small wooden platform extending south onto the edge of the rocky promontory upon which the Pigeon Point Lighthouse (1871) is built.

210 Pigeon Point Road, Pescadero, California: 30 January 2013


part of the Pacific Coast Highway album

The entire area around Pigeon Point Light Station State Historic Park is strikingly beautiful. Although there are many picturesque spots here, a particular highlight is the wooden platform that extends south onto the rocky promontory.

From this platform, the purpose of which is apparently to wow visitors like me, there are unobstructed views of the Pacific Ocean, coastline and the Pigeon Point Lighthouse (1871) itself. It is not at all rickety, but I would not want to be out there with loads of other people because of its small size.

Photo Credit: David July --- Pacific Ocean sunset through the posts of the wooden platform on the edge of the rocky promontory upon which the Pigeon Point Lighthouse (1871) is built, Pescadero, California: 30 January 2013

There were few people around this day, so Marc and I had the platform to ourselves. It would be a good spot to watch marine life like whales and dolphins that are known to frequent the area during certain times of year. Sitting on a nearby bench to the north about twenty minutes later, we did spot a whale surfacing for air not far from shore.

Photo Credit: David July --- Looking north up the coastline from the platform on the edge of the rocky promontory upon which the Pigeon Point Lighthouse (1871) is built, Pescadero, California: 30 January 2013

The rocky shallows surrounding Pigeon Point claimed the clipper ship Carrier Pigeon (1852) on June 6, 1853 when it ran aground about 500 feet offshore. Captain Azariah Doane and his crew abandoned ship and made it safely to shore, but the vessel and most of its cargo were a loss. The promontory was thereafter called Pigeon Point for that ship.

Photo Credit: David July --- Pigeon Point Lighthouse (1871) from the platform on the southern edge of the rocky promontory upon which it is built, Pescadero, California: 30 January 2013

The Pigeon Point fog signal first sounded on September 10, 1871 and had four iterations through 1976: steam whistle, fog siren, two-tone diaphone and single-note diaphragm. The five-wick lard oil lamp and 1,008 prism, first-order Fresnel lens operated from November 15, 1872 until automation in 1974.

Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July
Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1122



The Tradescantia Ohiensis
Sunday, 06 April 2014, 2312

Photo Credit: David July --- Bluejacket spiderwort (Tradescantia ohiensis) flowers along the Bolen Bluff Trail in Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park, Micanopy, Florida: 16 February 2013

Bluejacket spiderwort (Tradescantia ohiensis) flowers along the Bolen Bluff Trail in Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park.

Bolen Bluff Trail, Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park, Micanopy, Florida: 16 February 2013


part of the Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park album

Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1121



The Little Piece of Heaven
Sunday, 06 April 2014, 2224

Photo Credit: David July --- A ray of light shines through the giant redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) forest at Muir Woods National Monument, Marin County, California: 29 January 2013

A ray of light shines through the giant redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) forest at Muir Woods National Monument.

Near 1 Muir Woods Road, Marin County, California: 29 January 2013


part of the Muir Woods album

Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1120



The Artificial Stifles the Real
Saturday, 05 April 2014, 2004

Photo Credit: David July --- A diorama on display inside the Visitor Center at Muir Woods National Monument, Marin County, California: 29 January 2013

A diorama on display inside the Visitor Center at Muir Woods National Monument.

1 Muir Woods Road, Marin County, California: 29 January 2013


part of the Muir Woods album

Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1119



The Macroscopic Universe
Saturday, 05 April 2014, 1724

Photo Credit: David July --- Threshold between the sand of North Beach and the sand dune berm at Jacksonville's Kathryn Abbey Hanna Park, Jacksonville, Florida: 23 November 2012

Threshold between the sand of North Beach and the sand dune berm at Jacksonville's Kathryn Abbey Hanna Park.

Near Seminole Road, Jacksonville, Florida: 23 November 2012


part of the Thanksgiving 2012 album

Photo Credit: David July


Add Commenthttp://mtsutro.org?p=1118



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Looking back to the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) and its pedestrian and cyclist promenade from the Manhattan terminus at Centre Street. — photograph by David July1 Pace Plaza (1969), 8 Spruce Street (2011), Woolworth Building (1913) and One World Trade Center (2014) from near the end of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyWalking toward Centre Street and the Manhattan terminus of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) and its pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyManhattan Municipal Building (1914) from the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David July"Welcome to Manhattan" sign visible to westbound drivers on the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) approach from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyWalking toward the Manhattan approach of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyAccess gate on the southern main cable of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) near the Manhattan side from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyLooking back to Brooklyn from just west of the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyWatching traffic in the eastbound lanes of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyCables leading up to the eastern side of the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyTwo center cables leading up to the eastern side of the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyLooking back to Brooklyn from just east of the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyWalking toward the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyWalking toward the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyWalking toward the western tower from about the midway point of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyBuildings of Manhattan's Financial District from the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyFour main cables leading up to the western side of the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyCables leading up to the western side of the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) from the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyWalking toward the western tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David JulyStanding over the eastbound lanes of traffic under the eastern tower of the Brooklyn Bridge (1883) on the pedestrian and cyclist promenade. — photograph by David July
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